東方巴黎之旅:越南湄公河三角洲一日遊(Mekong Delta Day Trip) 2014/04/12

湄公河(Mekong River)全長4,350 公里,是亞洲最重要的跨國水系,世界第12長、亞洲第7長河流;主源為扎曲,發源於中國青海省玉樹藏族自治州雜多縣。流經中國雲南省、寮國、緬甸、泰國、柬埔寨和越南,於越南胡志明市以南省份流入南海。流域除中國和緬甸外,均為湄公河委員會成員國。

mekong river                     (via Wikipedia)

p.s.湄公河上游在中國境內,稱為瀾滄江,在柬埔寨語作Mekong(湄公,「母親」的意思),越語作Sông Mê Kông(湄公河);下游三角洲在越南境內,因有九個出海口流入南海,故越南又將湄公河稱為九龍江(Cửu Long Giang)。

湄公河三角洲是指湄公河下游及其9條叉道流入南海時所形成的沖積平原,是越南第一大平原,面積約39,000平方公里(其中1/5屬於柬埔寨),平均海拔 不到2公尺,多河流、沼澤,土地肥沃,是越南最富饒的地方,也是越南人口最密集之處,越南南方60%~70%的農業人口集中於此,是越南稻米生產的主要產 地,也是東南亞著名的產米區之一,水稻在這裡兩年可得七次。

mekong_delta_map_en(via Wikipedia)

p.s. The Mekong Delta (Nine Dragon River Delta) is considered to be the “rice basket of Vietnam”, contributing more than half of the nation’s rice production. The Mekong splits in Cambodia into two main rivers, the Bassac (Hậu Giang) and the First river (Tiền Giang), then in Vietnam into a more complex system, creating a maze of small canals, rivers and arroyos interspersed with villages and floating markets.

HCMC 141

Mỹ Tho is the closest Mekong Delta area center and is only 70 km southwest from Ho Chi Minh City. A former naval base, Mỹ Tho is now a bustling port city in the Mekong Delta. Life for villagers in the area revolves around the rivers and canals that make up the delta, people are more likely to transport by river than by road.

mekong-map-1                            (via Wikipedia)

HCMC 168There are four islands in the Song Tiền (Mekong River) between Mỹ Tho and Bến Tre: Con Tan Long (Dragon Island—is the most densely populated and the closest), Con Qui (Tortoise Island—is the smallest), Con Phung (Phoenix Island—has the temple of the Coconut Monk) and Con Thoi Son (Unicorn Island—is the largest with a tropical garden).

遊客中心2          遊客中心繼承法式建築風格、紅瓦黃牆的在美托(Mỹ Tho)遊客中心

HCMC 088          遊客中心3搭船處

HCMC 091          HCMC 087                   We ride on a motor boat along islands and stop at the famous Con Thoi Son (Unicorn Island).

HCMC 094湄公河河水混濁,河上有許多載運泥沙的船。

HCMC 092          HCMC 090Rạch Miễu Bridge is a cable-stayed bridge in the Mekong Delta. The bridge connects Tiền Giang Province (Mỹ Tho) with Bến Tre Province, over the Mekong River. The construction began on 30 April 2002 and achieved completion on 19 January 2008, also its inaugural date. Total length is 8331 m, including approach ramps; the main bridge is 2868 m.

HCMC 097          HCMC 098Con Thoi Son (Unicorn Island)

HCMC 102-3          HCMC 102

While at the Dragon Island, we taste some honey tea, sample tropical fruits and listening to the southern folk music (don ca tai tu).

HCMC 101          HCMC 102-1加了金桔與花粉的蜂蜜茶和水椰子

HCMC 102-6          HCMC 102-4-1

Walking on the village and taking rowing boat (sampan) along the natural water coconut trees(nipa palms) canal to see the local lifestyle in the Mekong Delta.

HCMC 105          HCMC 104                   p.s.水椰樹(Nypa fruticans, commonly known as the nipa palm ),棕櫚科唯一的水生物種。水椰的果實稱為亞答籽或水椰子,嫩果可食用。葉子可以編織及蓋屋。

HCMC 125Canal ride on Con Thoi Son

HCMC 108          HCMC 108-1                   約僅有2~3公尺寬、長滿了水椰樹和其他水生植物的狹長水道

HCMC 122-1            HCMC 129                                         舢舨船的船身非常細小,首尾斜對角坐著撐著長篙、歪著身體的船伕或船娘,藉此維持平衡。

HCMC 109          HCMC 130          錯綜複雜的水道

HCMC 131          HCMC 132

HCMC 135          HCMC 156-1

HCMC 138

From here, we continue our motor boat trip to Bến Tre Province to visit a handmade coconut candy workshop and learn the process of making this sweet.

HCMC 142          HCMC 143

HCMC 148-1          HCMC 152

Coconut candy manufacturing process: The production of Vietnamese coconut candy starts with the grating of fresh coconut flesh. The grated flesh is then pressed to extract coconut milk and coconut cream. The next step is the addition of malt syrup and sugar to this mixture of coconut milk and cream. The mixture is then heated to a very high temperature in large woks over fires generated by the burning of coconut shells. While being heated, the mixture is stirred continuously to ensure even heat distribution. The mixture eventually caramelizes to a thicker texture. While it is still hot and soft, the thickened mixture is then stringed out into moulds and allowed to cool. The final step sees the candy strings cut into rectangular lozenges, then wrapped and packaged.

HCMC 151          HCMC 150-1

HCMC 158          HCMC 157

HCMC 149-1

ben tre          HCMC 165                     p.s. Coconut candy was originally associated with Mo Cay, a small township within the Bến Tre Province (homeland of coconut).

 

廣告
本篇發表於 旅途中, 步履間。將永久鏈結加入書籤。

發表迴響

在下方填入你的資料或按右方圖示以社群網站登入:

WordPress.com Logo

您的留言將使用 WordPress.com 帳號。 登出 / 變更 )

Twitter picture

您的留言將使用 Twitter 帳號。 登出 / 變更 )

Facebook照片

您的留言將使用 Facebook 帳號。 登出 / 變更 )

Google+ photo

您的留言將使用 Google+ 帳號。 登出 / 變更 )

連結到 %s