法蘭克福:羅馬人之丘Römerberg 2013/06/03

Frankfurt 004Römerberg (Roman Hill) flanked by half-timbered houses, is the central and most beautiful square in Frankfurt’s Altstadt (Old Town). Since the 9th century, the Römerberg, formerly called the Samstagsberg, has been the site of markets and fairs, tournaments and festivals, executions and imperial elections and coronations.

romerberg廣場的名字源於廣場西面羅馬廳(Römer)的三個連體的哥德式樓房,其中最具特色的是樓頂的「三角形山牆立面Drei-Häuser-Front」。

Römer                                                                                                                                                             On the west side of Römerberg is Römer, consists of three different structures with stepped gables, originally built between the 15th and 18th century in Gothic style.                                                                                                                                                           

Frankfurt (2013) 051

The houses were acquired by the city council on March 11, 1405 from a wealthy merchant family. The middle house became the city hall and was later connected with the eleven neighbouring buildings, resulting in a rather confusing interior.

Planhttp://altfrankfurt.com/Roemer/plan.htm

Like all of the historic Römerberg, the Römer suffered serious damage in the Second World War. Its reconstruction began in 1945, and it was reopened by president Theodor Heuss in 1955. It was not until 1975 that the city restored the Römer’s famous 3-gabled façade to its condition in 1897.

Frankfurt (2013) 045-1The central building, known as ‘Zum Römer’ gave the town hall its name. ‘Zum Römer’ means ‘at the Roman’, refers to the Roman settlements that existed here long before the city of Frankfurt was founded. The building on the left is known as Alt-Limpurg and the one on the right is named Löwenstein.

p.s. The Haus Römer Façade shows the four kaisers of the Holy Roman Empire, two city coats of arms, a clock face, and a placard describing the most important facts about the building. The four Kaisers are Frederick Barbarossa (the first king to be elected in Frankfurt), Louis the Bavarian (who gave convention rights to the city and allowed an expansion of the city), Charles IV (who made Frankfurt the location of the Kaiser Selection vote), and Maximilian II (the first Kaiser to be crowned in Frankfurt cathedral).                    Like the neo-gothic façade, the balcony was added after the rebuilding in 1900, replacing a wooden roof. The balcony was and is used as a public stage for state visits and sporting events.

Frankfurt (2013) 070-1The Salzhaus (Salt House)—In contrast to the other houses in the complex, the architects created a completely new design using a combination of medieval timber framing and modern styles. The mosaics in the timber frames feature the motif of a phoenix, a symbol for modern Frankfurt’s new start after the war.

Ostzeile                                                                                                                                                      The east side of the Römerberg, opposite the Römer is known as the Ostzeile.

Frankfurt (2013) 048-1Each house has its own name recalls its great and proud history (from left to right): Zum Engel at nr 28, where Frankfurt’s first bank was established in the 17th century, Goldener Greif at nr 26, Wilder Mann at nr 24, Kleiner Dachsberg-Schlüssel at nrs 20-22, Großer Laubenberg at nr 18 and finally Kleiner Laubenberg at nr 16, right next to the Alte Nikolaikirche.

The Ostzeile is a row of six picturesque half-timbered houses are reconstructions of the original 15th and 16th century houses, most of which were rebuilt or expanded in the 18th century. In March of 1944 bombardments flattened the whole historic district, including the Römerberg. Some of the historic buildings, like the Römer, were reconstructed soon after the war. The Ostzeile however wasn’t rebuilt until 1981-1983 when the houses were reconstructed following historical models.

Zum Standesämtchenhttp://www.zum-standesaemtchen.de/                                                                                                                   

Frankfurt (2013) 053                                                                                                        A renowned apple wine inn was opened in the premises in 1869, which was bought in 1902 by the most original of all innkeepers in Frankfurt, Josef Schweitzer. He renamed the inn the Zum Standesämtchen. The new Standesämtchen re-opened on 24 November1983 and today is owned by the experienced restaurateur Herbert Kröpl.

Frankfurt (2013) 065          Frankfurt (2013) 060

本來應該坐在擁有絕佳視野的Terrace,可是遮陽傘根本擋不住正午的大太陽,只好躲進室內喝蘋果酒Apfelwein。

Frankfurt (2013) 058          Frankfurt (2013) 059         

老尼古拉教堂Alte Nikolaikirche                                                                                           Alte Nikolaikirche is located at the southern end of Römerberg, right in front of the Historisches Museum.

Frankfurt (2013) 046          Frankfurt (2013) 043               梯形的屋頂是當時法蘭克福流行的建築風格

Frankfurt (2013) 062The double-aisle brightly coloured red and white Early Gothic church was consecrated in 1290 and used as a court church to the Stauferpfalz Palace and later the town council until the late 15th century.

p.s. The tower  has 51 bells, 4 are used for peal and 47 are used for carillons, chiming every day at 9:05, 12:05 and 17:05.

Justitia-oder Gerechtigkeitsbrunnen                                                                               The first Fountain of Justice in front of the Römer was inaugurated in 1543 – a monument to the city’s self-image. In 1611, the sculptor Johann Hocheisen created the current eight-cornered fountain and the figure from red sandstone. It is the oldest fountain in Frankfurt.

Frankfurt (2013) 049Since the coronation of Emperor Matthias in 1612, water has flowed from the breasts of 4 water nymphs on the corners of the statue’s pedestal as a symbol of fertility.                         p.s. During imperial coronations, it flowed with red and white wine for the citizens in the square to enjoy.

After the Thirty Years War and again in the 19th century, the fountain and the statue needed to be replaced. The current Justitia, which is made of bronze, was funded by a Frankfurt wine merchant (1887 by Friedrich Schierholz). Her eyes are not bound, and she holds up scales and a sword.

p.s. Art in Public Space:

Frankfurt (2013) 050-1Minerva-Brunnen (1893/94 by Friedrich Schierholz)

Frankfurt (2013) 073-1Mahnmal fuer die Opfer des Naziterrors (1964 by Hans Wimmer)

附記:在德國,Starbucks總是座落在另人驚豔的建築裡!

Frankfurt (2013) 068

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本篇發表於 餐館間遊走, 咖啡館逗留, 旅途中, 步履間, 佇足。將永久鏈結加入書籤。

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