The St. Jacob’s, the cathedral of Šibenik, built for over a century, is a testimony of persistency, sacrifice and belief of the generations of inhabitants of Šibenik.
By many things it is unique not only in the Croatian architecture, but in the European as well: it is entirely built of stone, no other material being used; it is unique by the brave structure of stone slabs and ribs, with no binding material; it is also unique among renaissance churches by its trefoil front facade; finally, it is unique by the harmony of its architecture and the row of 71 realistic sculptural portraits around the apses. Documents preserved from the time of building of the cathedral evidence contributions from the entire community to its building, but from many individuals as well, including large number of domestic stone-dressers, builders and artisans. The most important among them is Juraj Matejev Dalmatinac, who came from Zadar and who the town of Šibenik commissioned in 1441 to take over the job of the proto-master of the cathedral of Šibenik. (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/963)
聖雅各大教堂(Katedrala Svetog Jakova/The Cathedral of St. James)歸劃於西元1402年，原本構想為威尼斯哥德風格，在耗時一個半世紀，於西元1555年完成時，卻轉變成托斯卡尼文藝復興風格建築。教堂主體沒有用到一根木頭，全部以白色石灰岩打造。石材來自以產白石聞名的布拉曲(Brac)、科楚拉(Korcula)等島嶼，以及拉布島(Rab)的紅色角礫大理石。
教堂興建彷彿一場接力賽，共經歷了四個階段： 第一階段 — 西元1431~1441年，主要以威尼斯籍的建築師 (Francesco Giacomo、 Antonio Busato and Lorenzo Pincino)及當地石匠(Andrija Budčić and Grubiša Statčić)主導，共同完成哥德式的下層建築體外觀鷹架和教堂的兩處入口。 第二階段 — 西元 1441~1475年，在建築師喬治‧達爾馬齊亞(Juraj Dalmatinac) 的領導之下，教堂轉變為文藝復興風格。他擴大了主教座堂，完成側廊獅子門(The Lion Gate )，還包括洗禮堂(Baptistery)、教堂後堂外牆檐口(Cornice) 圍繞的71顆人頭及3顆獅子頭雕像。第三階段 — 西元1475~1505年，由義大利建築師尼古拉‧佛羅倫斯(Nikola Firentinac)接續完成側廊祭壇、圓頂及筒形拱頂(Dome & Vault)。 第四階段 — 由建築師Bartol、Jakov 和 Mestičević 接手，於西元1555年完成整座教堂。
【獅子門 The Lion Gate】
【圓頂與拱頂 Dome & Vault】
【內部祭壇 Interior Chapel】
【洗禮堂 Baptistery】 In the Cathedral’s interior the baptistery draws particular attention because of its original and creative synthesis of two different art styles of the first half of the 15th century – late Gothic and early Renaissance.The Cathedral represents the first finished architecture in Renaissance style constructed only 20 years after the real beginning of the Renaissance in Tuscany. The most impressive feature of the baptistery is the abundance of sculptural decoration among which the human figure is the most represented one.Besides the sculptures of the four prophets (of which only two are preserved until today), the whole vault is decorated with reliefs of angels, cherubs’ heads and impressive head of Father God.