Croatia: Rovinj 2012/05/31

羅溫 (Rovinj) 是伊斯特利亞半島 (Istria Peninsula) 最早發展成度假中心的海港小鎮,由於海港面向西方,因此羅溫享有克羅埃西亞最美夕陽,和亞得里亞海岸最浪漫中世紀古城之美稱。

羅溫原本是一座橢圓形小島,直到西元1763年才填海造陸,與陸地相連成為一座半島。由於受到威尼斯共和國長達400年的統治,濃烈的威尼斯文藝復興式風格建築隨處可見,因此羅溫又被稱為山丘上的威尼斯。

【優菲米亞大教堂Katedrala Sv Eufemija/Church of St. Euphemia】 http://tzgrovinj.com/

伊斯特利亞半島最大的巴洛克式教堂—優菲米亞大教堂

This Venetian Baroque building and the largest monument in the city was restored between 1725 and 1736. The outside length of the church is 51.11 m and its width is 30.26 m. The central nave is 17.71 m high, whereas the other two are 10.11 m high. At the site where this impressive church stands today, the Chapel of St. George (Sv. Juraj) had been located until the 10th century. St. George remained the co-patron of the parish. His statue decorates the main altar of the parish church.
When in 800 the sarcophagus containing the body of the Christian martyr Euphemia was brought into the city, the citizens of the surrounding settlements came to visit the tomb of St. Euphemia. The construction of the bell tower started on December 3, 1651 when the founding stone was placed. It was constructed according to the architectural design by Milanese architect Alessandro Monopola. It should have been just like the one of the Church of St. Mark in Venice.
The construction lasted 26 years. The large copper statue of St. Euphemia, by the Vallani brothers from Maniago, was set up at the top of the bell tower in 1758 where a wooden statue destroyed by thunder in 1756 used to be. In 1834 the statue was fixed so that it turns on its bearings around its axis by the strength of wind.

The characteristically built chimneys are a special feature of the old city.

p.s.The Legend of St. Euphemia:                                                                                                    In the year 800, the church bells began to ring excitedly in the early morning. The residents all flocked down to the sea. A marble sarcophagus floated in like a stone ship. The awestruck residents of Rovinj tried to pull the stone tomb into town by using horse and ox carriages, but in vain. Neither the strong muscles nor the human wit helped – it took an act of God.
The saint only presented herself to a small boy and said: “I am Euphemia of Chalcedon and I have engaged Jesus with by blood. You will take out the stone ark with your body”. And indeed, the boy harnessed his week calves before the amazed crowd and pulled the sarcophagus up to the church on the top of the town hill. They opened it there and saw the motionless body of a beautiful girl. Next to her was a scroll of parchment paper with these words written on it: Hoc est corpus Euphemiae Sancte!
This is the body of Saint Euphemia, a virgin martyr of Chalcedon born for the heaven on 16 September of the year of our Lord 304. Amazingly, every story about Rovinj still begins with the tale of St. Euphemia, over 1200 years after its creation. Not only is the martyr of Chalcedon still a celebrated guardian of the town, but the legend of St. Euphemia is associated with the search for hidden meaning of the beginning of tourism in Rovinj. As it happens, on her day, 16 September, Rovinj has always become the greatest meeting point of Istria.

【Batana Boat】                                                                                                                       Built upon a rich fishermen’s tradition, it has become distinctive for its unique boat called batana and its songs bitinada. They are reflecting the continuity of the local tangible and intangible maritime and fishing heritage, as well as the ongoing strands in the local people’s everyday lives.

                            Batana is a  flat-bottomed boat slightly curved toward the bow and stern protected by UNESCO due to their longevity and a traditional way of construction.

【Grisia Street】                                                                                                                       This famous street in Rovinj is lined with shops and vendors selling souvenirs, like artwork and small trinkets, during the summer.You can follow Grisia Street either down from the Church of St.Euphemia or up from the Balbi Arch to the church.                                                                                                                The street is picturesquely paved and windy, playful with its glittering waterfall of stone steps.                                                                                                                            

The Balbi’s Arch was built in 1678/79 its place, during the time of Mayor Daniel Balbi. The inscription written on a stone board placed on the arch bears witness to that fact.

附記:如果因為選擇走 Grisia Street 下優菲米亞大教堂而 “迷路” (其實只是繞遠路,小小遲到罷了!),sorry, I’ll did it again!

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本篇發表於 旅途中, 步履間。將永久鏈結加入書籤。

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