Slovenia: Bled 2012/05/30 – 2012/05/31

2012/05/30

http://www.bled.si/en/default.asp

位於斯洛維尼亞西北方,距離首都盧布里亞納55公里,靠近特里格拉夫山國家公園 (Triglav National Park) 邊緣的布列德 (Bled),因為擁有風景秀麗的布列德湖 (Blejski Jezero) 而聞名。湖中的湖心小島,更是斯洛維尼亞唯一的島。

bled

斯拉夫民族於西元七世紀時開始來到布列德,第二波移民潮在西元九~十世紀,接著由德國統治。西元1004年,德國皇帝亨利二世 (Henrik II) 將位於Sava rivers中間的布列德分為二個區域,並修建了城堡和教堂,古雅的建築跟湖光山色,構成了一幅動人的風景畫。亨利二世更於西元1011年將布列德城堡 (Blejski Grad) 賞賜給Bishop Albuin of Brixen,這是布列德歷史上重要的轉折點。然而,布列德之所以受到國際矚目,則是因為瑞士水療法專家Arnold Rikli在此研究開創溫泉療養所。他在當地居住超過半個世紀,讓布列德在二十世紀初期成為奧匈帝國最高級的水療聖地。

Symbols of Bled:                                                                                                                          (1)Coachmen-“Fijaker"

                                                                     Coachmen called “Fijaker” can take you for a ride around the lake and to Bled Castle. Many trips to both near and far are possible – to Vintgar or the Pokljuška ravine, through the villages of Gorje, Podhom and Zasip or through Mlino, Selo, Ribno, Bodešče and Koritno, as well as to the golf course or to the Šobec Camp. If you so wish, you can travel as far as Begunje and Draga, Kropa or even Bohinj. The carriage station is by the Festival Hall.

(2)Traditional Transport to the Island by Special Boat “PLETNA"

                                                                               The island church with its bell invites all visitors. The best way to get to the island is by the traditional Bled special boat called “Pletna”. This boat, conducted by one rower with two oars, is known only in Bled. The boatmen are stationed and waiting for you at the Health Park, under Hotel Park, in Mlino, and at the Rowing Centre.

(3)Cream Cakes – “Kremna Rezina"

Cream cakes known to Bled for decades, are in fact the symbol of Bled. Although you can buy them elsewhere, those from Bled are simply the best. Ištvan Lukačevič, the former manager of the Hotel Park patisserie, tested recipes for many years before he finally succeeded. His cream cakes, which are prepared at this patisserie and sold in the café opposite the hotel, are famous.

What is the secret?
In fact, there is no secret – only experience matters, and the cooks from Bled have plenty of experience. Over the last 40 years they have sold as many as 7 million cream cakes. A golden crispy crust made from butter dough (mixed with butter, not margarine), a delicious vanilla cream of exactly the right consistency (with exactly the right amount of flour – if there is too much the cakes are no good, if too little, they collapse after cutting), topped with whipped cream and a crispy layer of butter dough and finally, last but not least, a good dusting of icing sugar.

【布列德島Blejski Otok】— Fairytale Island

http://www.blejskiotok.si/zgodovina_E.html

布列德湖的湖中央有個高出水面40公尺的湖心小島,這個小島給布列德湖帶來畫龍點睛的效果,猶如冰川湖泊上的一顆明珠。小島在西元八世紀時,就已經是人們經常拜訪之處。乘布列德湖特有的傳統人力船Pletna (無龍骨平底船,只有Mlino的居民才有資格在布列德湖划Pletna) 從南岸上島之後,得先爬上一座建於西元1655年的99層階梯 (Juzno Stopnisce)。傳統上,來島上教堂結婚的佳偶,新郎必須抱新娘爬上這99層階梯,通過考驗,才能證明兩個人是天生一對。

*聖母升天教堂(Cerkev Marijinega Vnebovzetja) —斯洛維尼亞人民心中的聖地—巴洛克式與洛可可風格 (十七~十八世紀)

According to written sources, the first masonry church on the island, a three-naved Romanesque basilica, was consecrated by the Aquilean patriarch Pellegrino in 1142. In the 15th century, it was rebuilt in the Gothic style: a new presbytery, a freestanding bell tower and the main altar were built. The renovated single-nave church was consecrated in 1465 by the first bishop of Ljubljana, count Žiga Lamberg. In 1509 it was so damaged by an earthquake that it required thorough renovation, and this was carried out in the Baroque style. Only the frescoes in the presbytery and a wooden statue of the Virgin Mary, which probably adorned the main altar, are preserved from the previous Gothic church.           The church’s present form is from the 17th century when it was renovated after another earthquake. The main altar with its rich gold-plated carving dates from 1747. On the central altarpiece the Virgin Mary is shown seated, next to who appears to be the donor of the Bled estate, Henrik II, and his wife Kunigunda. The side altars, consecrated to St. Sebastian, St. Magdalena and St. Anna, were made at the end of the 17th century.
The bell tower, which was built in the 15th century, has been renovated several times due to damage by two earthquakes, and in 1688 it was struck by lightning. The present tower is 54 m high and has three bells, which were made by Samassa and Franchi, bell makers from Ljubljana. Of special interest is the “wishing bell" from 1534 in the upper roof beam above the church nave, by F. Patavina from Padova.

The Legend of the Wishing Bell:                                                                                        The “Wish bell" is certainly the most significant point of reference for pilgrims that have been visiting the place since the Middle Ages. It hangs from the tower on top of the ship roof. The bell was probably a donation of a wealthy parishioner and it seems to have been inculcated by Franciscus Patavinus, cast in 1534, 66 cm in diameter, 56 cm in height, weighs 178 kg.                                                                                                                       According to a legend, a young widow who lived at Bled Castle mourned her husband who had been killed by brigands. She gathered all her gold and silver and had a bell cast for the chapel on Bled Island. When the bell was being transported to the island, a tempest caused the boat to overturn. The boatmen drowned and the bell sank to the bottom of the lake. The young widow, now even more devastated, decided to go to Rome and enter a convent. After her death, the Pope donated another bell for the church on the Isle of Bled. The legend has it that those who ring the bell to honor the Blessed Virgin and make a wish will see their wish come true.

                                                                                                 The Baroque statue of Mary Magdalene below the tower.

Blessed be ye who stay awake by my door.

【布列德城堡Blejski Grad/The Bled castle】

http://www.blejski-grad.si/en/

The Bled Castle was first mentioned in a written document on 22 May 1011, as the German King Henry II awarded the Bishop Albuien of Brixen with it. The castle’s terraces offer a spectacular view of the Upper Carniola region, captured between the mountain ranges of Karavanke and the Julian Alps.

The buildings of the castle are arranged around two courtyards on to levels.

                                                                                 At the lower courtyard visitors can find the castle’s printing works, a memorial room for the consolidator of the Slovene language and the author of the first Slovene-language printed book Primoz Trubar, the gallery Stolp (The Tower) and a café.

                                                                               The castle’s wine cellar and the herbal gallery are located on the intermediate level of the castle.

                                                                               But on the upper courtyard visitors can find the most import part of the castle – a chapel dating back to the 16th century and a museum which takes you on a journey celebrating the eventful history of Bled from the Bronze Age up to the present day. There is also a restaurant with a lovely terrace and a forge on this level.

Both levels of the castle are protected by high Romance walls with a defense hallway, an entry tower and a mighty Gothic defense tower.

2012/05/31

清晨布列德湖 (Blejski Jezero) 散步

bled2

布列德湖又稱藍湖,是一座由冰河Bohinj Glacier消退後所形成的湖泊,湖長2120公尺,寬1380公尺,最深處為30.6公尺,面積1.45平方公里,環湖步道約6公里,是個小巧可愛,卻又五臟俱全的度假勝地。夏季布列德湖水溫不超過攝氏26度,是人們划船、游泳、釣魚的理想場所。冬季多雪,氣候寒冷,湖面結冰達40公分,所以又是冰上運動的絕妙去處,這裏曾多次舉行過歐洲和世界性的水上與冰上運動比賽。湖的三面被古樸的建築物所圍繞,北面的懸崖聳立著一座中世紀古堡—布列德城堡,遊客可徒步上山,在此俯瞰布列德湖的全景。湖區東北方有溫泉,溫泉被導入三間大飯店之游泳池加以利用:Grand Hotel Toplice、Hotel Park與Hotel Golf。

                                                                                  從住宿飯店,趕在出發前,準備依順時鐘方向繞湖一圈。

沿途是可以悠閒散步的棧道,兩旁盡是菩提樹、栗子樹和楊柳所串連的濃密樹蔭,不論走到哪裡,每個角度看出去都是風景。

  

  

  

  

布列德湖是斯洛維尼亞的划船中心,行政當局為了符合世界標準航道的規範,還把湖面東西兩側特別加長,在此共舉行過三次世界划船大賽。

  

90分鐘後回到飯店,完成環湖。

 

What a beautiful way to star a day!

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